Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure is widely considered to be one of the forefathers of both linguistics and semiology, which is the philosophical study of the interpretation of signs and symbols. Most notably, Saussure introduced the idea that every word is a linguistic sign, which consists of two components: the signifier, or the phonetic form of a word (e.g., the word “dog” consists of two consonants split up by a vowel); and the signified, or the conceptual meaning underlying the sign (e.g., a dog is a furry animal that is commonly used as a household pet). Crucially, Saussure articulated the arbitrariness of the linguistic sign: the phonetic form and the underlying concept of the word “dog” have no natural link, and instead are the product of social interaction. The arbitrariness of meaning and form is a fundamental tenet of modern linguistics.
Situational Design is a voice-first method to design a voice user interface. You start with a simple dialog which helps keep the focus on the conversation. Each interaction between your customer and the skill represents a turn. Each turn has a situation that represents the context. If it’s the customer’s first time interacting with the skill, there is a set of data that is yet unknown. Once the skill has stored the information, it will be able to use it the next time the user interacts with the skill.
With situational Design, you start with the conversation and work backwards to your solution. Each interaction between the user and Alexa is treated as a turn. In the example below, the situation is that the user’s birthday is unknown and the skill will need to ask for it.
Practice: The script below shows how the skill “Cake Walk” asks the user for their birthday and remembers it. Later, it will be able to tell them the number of days until their next birthday and to wish them Happy Birthday on their birthday.
Each turn can be represented as a card that contains, the user utterance, situation and Alexa’s response. Combine these cards together to form a storyboard which shows how the user will progress through the skill over time. Storyboards are conversational, flow charts are not.
RNN o red neuronal recurrente es una red neuronal donde la salida no solo depende de la entrada actual, sino de una serie de entrada dada en el pasado.